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Ta yaya za a hana samun ciwo ta Ransomware? - Tsarin Semalt Ya Yi Amsa

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Frank Abagnale, da Semalt Abokin Ciniki Success Manager, ya ce ransomware ne shahararren irin software malicious da ke barazanar wadanda ke fama da kuma canza damar su zuwa na'urorin kwamfuta har sai sun biya fansa. Irin wadannan hare-haren ne da aka yi tare da taimakon Trojans da yawancin masu amfani suka sauke zuwa tsarin su suna la'akari da abubuwan da suka dace da kuma halatta. A cikin 'yan watanni, software mara kyau ya shafi yawancin tsarin kwamfuta a duniya. Kamfanonin tsaro na software sunyi iƙirarin cewa tsutsotsi na ransomware wanda ake kira suna WannaCry sun kamu da na'urorin kwamfuta fiye da 140,000 fiye da kasashe 200, tare da Ukraine, Taiwan, da kuma Rasha makamancin gaba. Wasu asibitocin Birtaniya sun kashe tsarin kwamfyutan su, kuma wasu kamfanoni na Spain kamar Telefonica, da kuma wasu kungiyoyi da kamfanonin gwamnati sun shafi wani lamari mai mahimmanci. Masana daga Kaspersky Lab da Symantec sun yi iƙirarin cewa tsohon lambobi a cikin wannaCry versions ya bayyana a cikin Li'azaru shirye-shirye Groups a cikin babban adadin. Waɗannan lambobin sun ƙunshi ƙwayoyin cuta kuma sun kamu da yawancin na'urori na Arewacin Koriya. WannaCry ya shafi yawancin wayoyin salula da kuma tsarin kwamfuta har yanzu, Kurt Baumgartner, mai binciken Kaspersky Lab, ya ce a cikin hira da Reuters.

Ta yaya yake aiki?

WannaCry yana daya daga cikin nau'i na farko na ransomware wanda zai iya kulle fayilolin kwamfutarka. Sai ya kayyade bayananku har abada, kuma ku rasa damar yin amfani da na'urar ku har sai an biya fansa. Wannan fansa ya fi dacewa da masu amfani da Microsoft da waɗanda ke amfani da Windows da Linux. Lokacin da tsarinka ya shafa tare da WannaCry, za ka ga windows-up a cikin wani muhimmin lambar..Masu haɗin gwiwar sun ba da umarni game da yadda za su biya fansa ga waɗannan windows, kuma fansa shine har zuwa $ 3000 ta na'urar. Wadannan faɗakarwa sun haɗa da ƙididdiga masu yawa: daya daga cikinsu yana nuna ranar kwana huɗu kafin a biya biyan kuɗi, yayin da ɗayan ya nuna tsawon lokaci na kwana talatin sai dai za ku rasa bayaninku har abada. Masu amfani da hackers suna karɓar biya kawai ta hanyar Bitcoin da PayPal. Shaharar Brokers mai suna shahararrun mashahuran, sun saki wannan malware kwanan nan kuma sun kai hari ga tsarin tsaro na NASA.

Ta yaya yake yadawa?

Mafi sau da yawa, fansa ya shiga kwamfutarka ta hanyar sauke fayilolin cutar ko danna hanyoyin da ba a sani ba ko wanda ba a sani ba. Wasu daga cikin masu kare lafiyar sunyi ikirarin cewa cututtuka kamar WannaCry yadawa a cikin tsutsotsi; a cikin 'yan kwanakin, sun haɗu da na'urar kwamfutarka kuma sun kwace dukkan abin da aka haɗe. Irin waɗannan shirye-shiryen suna ɓoye bayananku, kuma masu buƙatar masu buƙatar suna buƙatar kuɗin kuɗi kafin su sake dawo da ku.

A ina ya yada?

Masu bincike daga Taiwan, Ukraine, da kuma Rasha sun kasance manyan manufofin wadanda suka kai hari, amma wasu kasashen da dama sun kuma bayyana magungunan cutar.

James Scott na Kamfanin fasaha na fasaha ya bayyana cewa an fara yada fansa a shekarar 2016, kuma ya kamu da adadin kwakwalwa a asibitoci.

Kare kamuwa da cuta

Cibiyar Kiyaye ta Malware na Microsoft ta ruwaito cewa ya kamata ka shigar kuma sauke kawai sababbin software na riga-kafi. Yana da mahimmanci kada ka danna kan hanyoyin da ba a sani ba kuma kada ka buɗe adreshin imel waɗanda suka zo daga mutanen da ba ka sani ba. Mutane ya kamata su juya software ta riga-kafi a yayin da suke nemo intanit, kuma su kashe fassarar don su zauna lafiya a kowane lokaci. Ya kamata ku ajiye fayilolin ku akai-akai don hana cututtuka Source .

November 28, 2017