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Matsalar Semalt: Yaya Zan Kare kaina Daga Mac Malware?

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Da farko, kare kanka yana zama mafi muhimmanci yayin da yazo don kauce wa malware. Mafi mahimmanci, kiyaye tsarinka da duk software ɗinka har zuwa yau. Kamfanoni masu zaman kansu sukan samo da kuma gyara barazanar tsaro. Wadannan barazanar a kai a kai suna sa hanyoyi ga masu amfani da kwayoyi don gane maki mara karfi da kuma shigar da software mara kyau a kan mashinka. A wasu lokuta, mutane suna tunanin cewa a kan saki wani sabuntawa don rufe tsaro yanayin shigewa, masu hackers za su daina. Duk da haka, irin wannan ɗaukakawa ta samar da masu amfani da motoci tare da hanya mai dacewa don kai farmaki kwakwalwa waɗanda ba a sabunta ba.

Alal misali, malware (Sabpab) wanda ya bayyana a shekarar 2012 ya yi amfani da barazanar Microsoft Office wanda aka kawar da shi a farkon shekara ta 2009. Hakazalika, Trojanback ta yi amfani da raunin da aka gyara.

A cikin wannan, Ross Barber, Semalt Abokin Aboki na Abokan Abokan, ya kasance mai muhimmanci shine shigar da sabuntawa.

Adware

Adware abu ne mai saurin yaduwa a kan Mac OS. Shirye-shiryen shirye-shiryen Adware sun ci gaba da ninuwa kowace rana. Musamman, software na anti-virus kamar Apple protection anti-malware bai gano waɗannan Adware ba. Mafi muni, koda kuwa an gano su, shirye-shiryen anti-virus ba zai kawar da cutar ba. Duk da haka, adware za a iya sauƙin kaucewa ta hanyar abin da aka amince. Tabbatar da cewa ku kula da hankali ga yarjejeniyar lasisi na software wanda masu kafawa suka nuna. Idan ana buƙatar ka shigar da wani abu daban daga software da ka shirya don saukewa, bar mai sakawa.

Yi hankali da java

A baya, an san Java ana iya zama tushen damuwa.Ya yi farin ciki, wasu sabuntawa sun shafi ya sa Java ya fi tsaro a cikin masu bincike. Saboda haka, ba a gano sababbin matsalolin Java ba Duk da haka, sababbin barazana za su iya bayyana ba da daɗewa ba. Saboda haka, yi amfani da Safari 6.1 ko wasu daga baya kuma ba shi damar yarda da Java akan shafukan intanet wanda dole ne ya yi amfani da Java.

Sauran fasahar yanar gizo

Da farko dai, amfani da Flash ɗin shine wata matsala. Irin waɗannan batutuwa an yi amfani da su a baya don harba Mac. Abin farin ciki, abun ciki na HTML5 ya maye gurbin abun ciki Flash a cikin tsarin yanzu. Duk da haka, idan kauce wa Flash ba wani zaɓi ba sai shigar da ClickToFlash a mai bincike na Safari wanda ke buƙata abubuwan da ba'a so Flash. A madadin haka, mai bincike na Chrome ya fi tsaro yayin da yana da "danna don kunna" fasalin.

Bayan wannan, JavaScript kuma za ta iya sauke software ta mallaka a kan mashinka, amma ba zai iya bude ko shigar da shi ba. Duk da haka, yana iya samun hanyar tricking ku a cikin shigar da shi. Jagora na goyan bayan up-ups wanda ya ce tsarinka ya kamu da Trojan kuma yana buƙatar ka kira lambar wayar da aka ba don samun taimako. Wadannan faɗakarwar faɗakarwa akai-akai ƙoƙarin amfani da JavaScript don hana ku daga barin shafin yanar gizo. Irin waɗannan alamu za a iya kauce masa ta hanyar shigar da AdBlock a cikin Chrome ko Mashigin JavaScript a Safari.

Guje wa Trojans da sauran matsalolin tsaro

Baya ga al'amuran da aka tattauna a sama, ya kamata ka kasance mai hankali don kare kanka daga sauran Trojans. Abu mafi mahimmanci, kada ka bude aikace-aikacen ko software daga tushen da ba'a sani ba. Bugu da ƙari, kula da cibiyoyin sadarwa mara waya mara waya. Mutumin da ba shi da hankali ya iya aika maka da wani mummunan fayil ta hanyar hanyar sadarwa.

A karshe, kula da sabuntawa akai-akai. Mafi mahimmanci, ƙwaƙwalwar fitarwa daban daban. Wannan hanyar, idan kwamfutarka ta taba samun kamuwa da cutar, za ka sami dama don zaɓin batun Source .

November 28, 2017