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Ƙwarewar Semalt kan Yadda za a Yarda Ransomware A cikin Windows Kuma Ku Tsare Tsaro

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Ba daidai ba ne a ce cewa manyan hare-hare na ransomware sun kamu da adadin kwakwalwa a dukan duniya, kuma suna da wayoyin wayoyin hannu a cikin kasashe daban-daban.

Kafin motsi tare da wani abu dabam, ya kamata mu yi la'akari da abin da yake fansa. Jason Adler, mai ba da shawara ga abokin ciniki na Semalt , yayi la'akari da wannan ma'anar da hanyoyi don kauce wa hare-haren.

Ransomware yana daya daga cikin siffofin mafi haɗari na shirye-shirye na kwamfuta. Yana da ikon iya rinjayar kowace irin tsarin aiki da kowane bincike a cikin na biyu. Masana kimiyya sun ce fiye da biliyan daya kamfanonin Windows sun kamu da cutar ta hanyar fansa a cikin 'yan kwanan nan. Babbar manufa ta masu amfani da kwayoyi shine tsarin kwamfutar asibitoci da hukumomin tsaro.

Lokacin da ransomware ya shiga kwamfutarka, yana iya ƙila fayiloli a babban adadi. Saboda haka, baza ku iya samun dama ga bayananku ba. Manufar ita ce ta ƙayyade damarka zuwa wasu shirye-shiryen da fayiloli don masu haɗin gwiwar zasu iya tambayarka don kudi. Domin dawo da damarka, dole ne ka biya wani abu daga $ 300 zuwa $ 3,000. Masu hackers ba za su bari ka shiga na'urarka da fayiloli ba har sai ka biya fansa gaba ɗaya ko sashi.

Ransomware harin

A cikin 'yan watanni, yawancin tsarin kwamfuta sun shafi duniya. Alal misali, wasu asibitocin NHS sun kamu da cutar, kuma na'urorin kwamfuta sun lalace ta hanyar duka..Ba wai kawai wannan ba, har ma da asibitoci na Birtaniya da aka rufe a watan jiya, kuma ba a yarda da marasa lafiya a asibitoci ba saboda wannan batu. Fiye da dubban kwakwalwa a Rasha sun lalace sosai. Da dama daga cikin ofisoshin FedEx a Amurka da kamfanoni daban-daban a Kanada an kama su ta hanyar ransomware. Yanayin harin ya danganta da nauyin ƙwayoyin ƙwayoyin cuta da ake kira Wana Decrypt wanda zai iya shiga cikin tsarin kwamfyuta wanda zai iya shigar da su a cikin mahimmanci.

Ta yaya zaka sami fansa?

Akwai wasu hanyoyi hanyoyin fansa da ke cikin tsarin kwamfuta. Hanyar da ta fi dacewa ita ce ta hanyar adiresoshin imel. A hackers aika ka imel da kamuwa da fayiloli da kyau pop-up windows. Kada a bude sakonnin su kuma karanta a kowane farashi. Yanar shafukan yanar gizo suna sauke ƙwayoyin cuta da kuma malware zuwa tsarinka da kuma gudanar da waɗannan abubuwa marasa tsaro don harba ƙarin fayiloli ɗinka. Idan ka ga wasu m abun ciki a kan shafinka, ya kamata ka ko dai shigar da software na riga-kafi na kokarin plugin don kawar da wannan abun ciki. A madadin, za ka iya tuntuɓar ofishin 'yan sanda kusa da nan ko ka ba da rahoto ga FBI a farkon lokacin da zai yiwu.

Yadda za a kauce wa ransomware?

Rahotanni daban-daban sun nuna cewa ransomware ya haifar da mummunar lalacewa ga yawancin tsarin kwamfuta a duniya. Mafi yawan mutane da Windows da Linux sun kamu da ita. Hanyar mafi kyau don kare kariya da kauce wa malware shine kiyaye Windows ɗinku. Ya kamata ku shigar da sababbin sababbin Windows na zamani kuma ku kiyaye saitunanku. Fanware yana yaduwa da sauri saboda wasu kwakwalwa suna gudana tsofaffin sassan bincike da Windows. Ana sabunta Windows da masu bincike ba za su dauki yawancin lokaci ba; zai kiyaye ka a kan intanet kuma zai iya kare fayilolinka har zuwa matsayi mai girma.

Mafi yawan mutane suna dakatarwa ko kashe kashewar ta Windows ɗin a cikin saitunan WiFi. Kada ku yi haka kamar yadda zai iya haifar da matsala mai tsanani ga tsarin kwamfutarku.

Shigar da sabunta software na tsaro

Ƙarshe amma ba kalla ba za ka shigar da sabunta kayan aikin tsaro akai-akai. Wasu daga cikin sanannun software da shirye-shirye na uku sune AVG Antivirus, Avira Free Security Suite, Aviv Free Antivirus, Bitdefender Antivirus Software da Panda Free Antivirus Source .

November 28, 2017